The Yoruba people are an ethnic group from West Africa, primarily from Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. They have a rich cultural heritage and a history that dates back several centuries.
The Yoruba people have a tradition of oral history, so much of their early history is based on stories that have been passed down from generation to generation. According to these stories, the Yoruba people migrated from the Middle East to their current location in West Africa over 1,000 years ago. The migration is said to have been led by a warrior named Oduduwa, who became the first king of the Yoruba people.
Over time, the Yoruba people developed a complex system of governance, with kings (oba) ruling over individual city-states. The city-states were often in conflict with each other, but they also engaged in trade and cultural exchange.
In the 19th century, the Yoruba people became involved in the transatlantic slave trade, with many being captured and sold to European traders. However, the Yoruba people also resisted the slave trade, with some leaders, such as the warrior queen Efunroye Tinubu, actively fighting against it.
In the 20th century, the Yoruba people became increasingly involved in politics and played a significant role in the struggle for Nigerian independence. Today, the Yoruba people continue to maintain their cultural traditions and have made significant contributions to Nigerian and African culture, music, and literature.