According to my weak research, there are 25 characters/letters in the yoruba language ( please use the references below). Keep in mind that there are other letters/characters that are used but they are mostly pronounced exactly like in English. So I left them out here.
|E||é,ē,è||(a)te, m(ate, s(a)ve|
|Ẹ||ẹ́,ẹ̄,ẹ̀||cl(e)ar, d(a)re, (a)ir|
|I||í,ī,ì||s(e)e, s(e)a, m(e)|
|O||ó,ō,ò||c(o)al, s(o)ul, kn(o)w,sl(o)w|
|Ọ||ó̩,ọ̄,ọ̀||(o)r, c(o)re,f(o)r, m(o)re|
|S||s||(s)nake, (s)cream, (s)crape|
|Ṣ||ṣ||(s)he, (s)hort, mu(s)hroom|
|U||ú,ū,ù||y(ou), d(u)e, f(e)w|
|gb||gb||(b)ring –>imagine you were carrying something heavy and someone steps on your toes just as you were pronouncing the word “bring”🤣🤣😭.|
|P||p(kp)||*****–>imagine trying to pronounce a word starting with “pb”. Sorry I tried🤣🤣😭|
There are apparently 18 consonants in the yoruba language.
|D||(d)rug, (d)ie, (d)ame|
|F||(f)ry, (f)ame, (ph)one|
|G||(g)row, (g)ame, (g)rind|
|H||(h)e, (h)air, (h)ome|
|J||(j)og, (j)ug, (g)eorge|
|K||(k)ey, (c)are, (c)orn|
|L||(l)ove, (l)ore, a(l)one|
There are apparently 9 vowels.
|E||(a)te, m(ate, s(a)ve|
|Ẹ||cl(e)ar, d(a)re, (a)ir|
|I||s(e)e, s(e)a, m(e)|
|O||c(o)al, s(o)ul, kn(o)w,sl(o)w|
|Ọ||(o)r, c(o)re,f(o)r, m(o)re|
|U||y(ou), d(u)e, f(e)w|
There are apparently 5 diphthongs. Finding the English equivalents for these vowels was really hard but I tried. So hopefully you give me a pass 🥰.
|AN||s(ean) e.g. Video|
|ỌN||s(on)g, (um)ph e.g. Video|
Hope you enjoyed this very informal post. Please, every suggestion or correction is welcomed and appreciated. Thank you! See you in the next post.
***** : I couldn’t find an equivalent in English.
As I am also a beginner in Yoruba, my sentences will be very short and boring. So please bear with me.
- Colloquial Yoruba: The Complete Course for Beginners
- Yoruba for beginners. Lesson A2. Accents, Tones, Pronunciation
- LEARN THE YORUBA ALPHABET IN UNDER 10 MINUTES
- Dictionary of Interjections
- How to pronounce GB
- Yoruba for Beginners. Lesson A1. Yoruba Alphabets